Diverse Indigenous Peoples have lived in what is now known as Canada for untold millennia. Since at least the early 17th century, they have been living alongside European colonizers, settlers, their descendants, and eventually new Canadians from all over the world. What began as a series of respectful relationships among sovereign peoples developed into a damaging experience of colonialism in Canada, and the echoes of this history resonate through Canadian society today. Indigenous Peoples have continued to face structural and institutional barriers to achieving equal well-being with other Canadians, and too often encounter roadblocks to having their inherent and treaty rights meaningfully recognized and implemented. However, a legal and policy consensus has been building around a future based on respectful relations between the Crown and self-determining Indigenous Peoples, supported by fair measures for redress and restitution. In recent years, Canada has turned a corner towards a renewed Crown-Indigenous relationship based on the recognition of Indigenous rights, respect, cooperation and partnership. As Senior Assistant Deputy Minister in charge of affairs related to treaties and Indigenous governance, Joe Wild has a wealth of experience working towards renewed relationships and reconciliation with Indigenous partners through dialogue, negotiations, and collaborative policy development. He will offer an overview of the evolving Crown-Indigenous relationship from early colonial times to the present, with an emphasis on how Canada’s shifting approach to addressing Indigenous rights, needs and interests offers all Canadians a chance at a more just, productive and vibrant society.
Joe Wild - Senior Assistant Deputy Minister
Joe Wild joined the Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, now Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC), in May 2014 as Senior Assistant Deputy Minister of Treaties and Aboriginal Government. From 2009 to 2014, Mr. Wild was the Assistant Secretary to the Cabinet, Machinery of Government, with the Privy Council Office. As such, he was responsible for providing advice to the Prime Minister on the structure and organization of government, including the Cabinet decision-making process, the interpretation and application of the constitutional principles and conventions that underpin responsible government, and the roles and responsibilities of ministers.
In 1992, Mr. Wild graduated from Mount Allison University with a BA (Honours, Economic and Political Science). He went on to study law at the University of New Brunswick where he graduated with a LLB in 1995. In 2001, he received an MBA from the University of Phoenix.
The Treaties and Aboriginal Government Sector (CIRNAC) is responsible for:
- Negotiations of comprehensive land claims and self-government agreements;
- Treaty Commissions and Treaty Discussion Tables;
- Specific Claims assessment and settlement;
- Funding and fiscal arrangements linked to sector business;
- Policy development linked to sector business.
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