Regional Change in the Economic Status of Indigenous Australians, 1986-91 is the second of several CAEPR contributions to the 1993 review of the Aboriginal Employment Development Policy (AEDP). The work was commissioned by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission and the Commonwealth Department of Employment, Education and Training to assess the labour market impact of the AEDP. A detailed analysis of 1986 and 1991 Census data was conducted to ascertain the degree to which the AEDP objectives of employment and income equality have been achieved in each State and Territory. The analysis compares changes in the economic status of Indigenous Australians with that of other Australians, using a range of social indicators at the State level, disaggregated by section-of-State. These indicators include labour force status, occupational status, industry, industry sector of employment, hours worked, level of qualifications, income status and levels of welfare dependence. As the first regional overview of the relative economic status of Indigenous Australians to be based on 1991 Census data, this study lays the ground for further inquiry into the contemporary economic situation of Indigenous people in each State and Territory. As well as directly informing the AEDP review process, this monograph will be of great relevance to Indigenous Australians generally, policy makers, bureaucrats and researchers with an interest in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander affairs.